A chemical peel is a procedure done by dermatologists with the goal of smoothing out the texture of a person’s skin and can also be considered chemical exfoliation. This procedure or technique goes beyond your skincare routine. It allows the skin to be treated by removing skin discoloration, reducing the appearance of wrinkles, and improving the outermost layer of the skin by removing excess impurities on the skin's surface. In addition, a chemical peel for acne scars and chemical peels for hyperpigmentation can be highly beneficial for the skin’s health. In order to achieve this, a specific formula of active ingredients is applied to injure the skin in a controlled manner. Unfortunately, chemical peel before and after results are only temporary because the procedure needs to be repeated often due to constant sun damage and skin scarring.
What are the Benefits/Risks of a Chemical Peel?
There are major benefits and risks of a chemical peel. Chemical peel benefits include treating acne, reducing wrinkles and fine lines, lifting the skin, minimizing pores, removing skin discoloration, smoothing out skin texture and tone, and the peel is customized to your skin type to ensure no damage occurs after the procedure besides the healing injuries. On the other hand, the risks of a chemical peel can be considered quite vigorous considering the side effects of changes in skin color, scabbing, swelling, infection, and burn spots after chemical peels. Furthermore, the procedure may cause organ damage depending on whether you have a deep chemical peel applied, which contains carbolic acid (phenol).
What Types of Chemical Peels are there?
There are three types of chemical peels used to undergo the procedure. These three chemical peels are measured by the intensity level of the peel that includes light, medium, and deep chemical peels.
- A light chemical peel uses alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA) and beta-hydroxy acids (BHA) such as glycolic, salicylic acid, or lactic acid. These are mixed in a chemical solution and applied to sensitive skin to exfoliate and remove oily and/or waxy sebum and dead skin cells from the pores with a recovery period of one to seven days.
- A medium chemical peel uses trichloracetic acid (TCA) in combination with salicylic acid to help with hypopigmentation, sun damage, heavy wrinkles, and deep acne scars to help restore the skin’s health with an average recovery of five to seven days.
- A deep peel uses carbolic acid or phenol combined with resorcinal acid to penetrate deep under the dermis to recover harsh scars and rough wrinkles. A deep peel requires day by day chemical peel recovery for two weeks to two months with ointment application several times a day.
- An alternative to Chemical Peels for a deep skin cleanse is Skin Gritting.
How often should I get a Chemical Peel?
As mentioned before, a chemical peel is temporary and depends on the intensity level of the peel. However, the average person will undergo the chemical peel procedure every four to six weeks. The chemical peel technique shows dramatic improvement in the look and feels of your skin health to help you reach your glass skin goals. Although Chemical Peels do not feature in the 10 step Korean Skincare Routine, it can be swapped for Step 3, exfoliation.