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What is your Skin Type?
The most fundamental step in building your skin care routine, is to establish what your particular skin type is. Why? Because using products that are not suitable for your skin type hinders the potential to achieve optimum results. Read the skin type descriptions below to find your skin type.
Normal skin feels well balanced. It neither feels dry nor oily. It does not show any concerns of other skin types, such as dryness, breakouts, or irritation. The texture is smooth and the pores are usually small. It feels elastic and has a healthy natural glow.
Dry skin usually feels tight and itchy. The skin is prone to flakiness, sensitivity, and uneven skin tone. It is also the most susceptible to aging, given that dehydration is one of the main causes of aging skin.
Oily skin feels greasy, mainly on the T-Zone, which is made up of the forehead, nose, and chin. Oily skin is characterized by overproduction of sebum which results in the skin appearing shiny with large pores and is prone to breakouts.
Combination skin shows signs of more than one skin type. Usually, the T-Zone is oily and the rest of the face is either normal, dry, or sensitive. The skin surface is uneven due to its uneven conditions across the face.
Sensitive skin often has a burning sensation after being exposed to certain conditions. Such as harsh skin products or sun damage. Sensitive skin can be identified by its redness and often shows small red veins through the skin surface. The skin surface is usually uneven, often flakey, and/or inflamed.
How to implement the 10 step routine
The 10 step Korean Skin Care Regime must be implemented step by step into your daily routine. Your skin needs time to adjust to each product. Therefore, it is recommended that you immediately implement Step 1: Oil-Based Cleanser, Step 2: Water-based Cleanser, Step 3: Toner, and Step 9: Moisturizer to begin with. Every other step is to be added every 3 weeks in order to allow your skin to adjust to the active ingredients inside the products.
Step 1: Oil-based Cleanser
What is an oil-based cleanser?
Cleansing oil is applied to the first and most fundamental step in your skin routine order as it prepares your skin for optimum absorption of the active ingredients found in the following steps. The eye makeup remover game has changed ever since cleansing balms disrupted the industry, sending the best makeup removers out there back to school.
A decent oil cleanser gently dissolves makeup, even waterproof mascara, it also removes excess sebum and that stubborn primer that keeps your makeup in place all day.
Why: Oil based cleansers are best applied to makeup removal, considering that makeup products are oil-based and oils are attracted to oils, so when they meet, the makeup dissolves. This step can be skipped in the morning when you are not wearing any makeup.
Why you should use an oil cleaner:
Oil-based cleansers are best applied to makeup removal, considering that makeup products are oil-based and oils are attracted to oils, so when they meet, the makeup dissolves. This step can be skipped in the morning when you are not wearing any makeup.
How to apply oil cleanser:
This method eliminates the unnecessary abrasion of cotton pads which causes sensitivity as it strips your skin's natural barrier over time.
Start by scooping a nickel-size amount of product onto wet hands for emulsion and massage it for 60 seconds to achieve squeaky clean results. Then, rinse with lukewarm water and do not dry with a towel, instead dab your chin and leave your face wet for the next step.
SEE THE DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 2: Water-based Cleanser
What is a water-based cleanser?
The water-based cleanser is commonly known as a foaming cleanser. It ensures the removal of oil residue left on your skin from the oil-based cleanser and is therefore just as essential to your Korean skincare routine.
Double Cleansing in the morning is not entirely necessary considering you don't sleep with your makeup on, if you do; that’s the worst thing you are doing for your skin. Instead, you can jump straight to your foam cleanser to remove the night’s sweat and potential bacteria you may have collected from your pillow in your sleep.
Water cleansers generally contain similar ingredients, however, each product is formulated for certain skin types. Therefore it is vital that you apply the right cleanser for your skin type in order to achieve your skincare goals.
Why should I use a water-based cleanser?
A water based face wash removes the water-soluble impurities such as sweat, dirt, and pollution which causes breakouts. It is an essential step to ensure your pores don’t clog up, leading to an uneven skin surface and of course, breakouts.
How to apply water-based cleanser:
Apply a pea-sized amount to wet hands and lather for 10 seconds until it forms into a bouncy foam cleanser. Apply to face and massage for 30 seconds, don’t forget your neck. Rinse off with lukewarm water, but do not dry with a towel. Instead, dry your hands and dab your chin, then lightly pat the remaining water into your skin with your fingers until it resembles a damp glow. Remember, your skin will absorb other products more efficiently while it is damp, just like a sponge.
SEE THE DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 3: Exfoliator
What is Exfoliation?
Your skin has a natural shedding cycle of 30 days, leaving dead skin cells attached to it. An e gently removes dead skin cells without damaging the lipid barrier. A face exfoliator can come in different forms, whether it be a mechanical or a chemical exfoliator.
Mechanical exfoliation, usually known as scrubbing. They come in all shapes and sizes to provide options for different skin types. Common ingredients include crushed apricot seed for a rough scrub which is usually applied to oily or acne-prone skin, sugar for a medium scrub usually applied to normal or combination skin, and rice powder for a light scrub, you guessed it; this is ideal for sensitive skin. The selection of these ingredients should match your skin’s demands which should be monitored on a day-to-day basis in order to reach your skincare goals. Or a weekly basis for the lazy ones.
Different types of Exfoliators:
Chemical exfoliation for the face is also referred to as peeling. This type of product usually contains either an AHA exfoliant (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) which contains glycolic, mandelic, or lactic acids. These ingredients are healthy options for dry or sensitive skin as it gently peels the skin surface to reveal new skin cells and helps retain moisture in the skin. Hereby, reducing fine lines and wrinkles to improve the skin’s appearance.
Whereas a BHA exfoliant (Beta Hydroxy Acids), in its most common form, is also known as Salicylic Acid which penetrates the skin on a deeper level. It is an ideal option for oily or acne-prone skin as it deeply cleans out the pores to clear congested skin while fighting bacteria to prevent future breakouts. While doing all that, it calms irritated skin at the same time, hence it is also a healthy option for combination skin.
Last but certainly not least, the latest trendy ingredient found in the more hip brands out there are Enzymes. These are commonly extracted from fruits such as pineapple or papaya and work in a similar way to BHAs to dissolve the glue which holds dead skin cells attached to the face. Products containing enzymes are great options for all skin types due to their gentle biological activation.
Why should you exfoliate:
Dead skin cells stay attached to your skin and prevent active ingredients from absorbing into your skin. Hence, skin exfoliation enables optimal absorption of products in the following steps of your skincare routine. However, it is vital that you apply the best exfoliator for your skin type.
How to exfoliate:
Exfoliators come in different formulas with different strengths, therefore it is crucial that you read instructions before application.
SEE THE DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 4: Toner
What does toner do?
Mythbuster: Facial Toners should NOT be another cleansing step. By the time you apply your toner, your skin should already be squeaky clean, if not then that means that your cleanser is not doing its job or you are not applying the proper method while cleansing. On that account, you should always be sure to use an alcohol-free toner.
Skin toners have evolved over time into a nourishing step in the skincare routine considering that its primary purpose is to hydrate. These days, powerhouse ingredients have been incorporated into toners, which allows your skin to benefit in the long run.
Why you should use a toner:
A face toner should rebalance the PH level of your skin after cleansing as well as prepare the skin for optimum absorption of products in the following steps. It can be an easy way to sneak in active ingredients that target problem areas such as Acne or Aging concerns.
How to apply toner:
Forget the cotton pads, because they absorb the majority of the product. Instead, make a cupping shape with the palm of your hand so the product stays in place and pour as much as a tasting sip into your hand. Even the product out with the other hand and gently apply to your face. You should feel the effect of splashing some water onto your face when it needs a cool down. Your face is now ready for step five.
SEE THE DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 5: Essence
What is Essence?
Skin Essence is often confused with Toner or Serum. Actually, it's neither a toner nor a serum. The best Korean Essence is generally formulated with fermented ingredients which offer the benefits of anti-aging, hydration and brightening the skin. However, Western brands have closely followed in their footsteps.
The texture of an Essence is usually slightly thicker than a Toner as it contains larger molecules of the active ingredients. You will notice how the textures of products consecutively become thicker. This is due to the size of the molecules found in them, which essentially determine the order of the skincare routine steps.
This step falls before the Serum, which has a heavier molecular weight. Therefore Essence having a lighter molecular weight enables a deeper penetration of the skin’s barrier. In addition, the hydration properties enable your skin to absorb the serum in the following step more efficiently.
Why should you use Essence:
In saying that Essence preps your skin for the following steps, it's not the only reason to use it. In fact, the best essences out there generally give your skin a gentle boost as it targets all-around problem areas such as pigmentation, dehydration, aging signs, and acne concerns.
How to apply Essence:
Face Essence should be applied without cotton pads as it is a waste of product. Instead pour a small amount into the hand, just enough to avoid waste because these products are liquid gold. Apply it evenly to your face then start tapping with your fingertips until the mass of the product is absorbed into your face. Before allowing it to dry completely, move quickly onto the next step for optimal absorption while the skin is still damp.
SEE THIS DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 6: Serum
What is a Serum?
A serum is considered a treatment for your skin containing a high concentration of active ingredients with a smaller molecular size than a moisturizer. Smaller molecule sizes indicate deeper penetration into the skin. Serums do not replace moisturizers, in fact, serums need moisturizers to lock the active ingredients into the skin. Due to its high concentration of active ingredients, it targets problem areas such as aging, acne, dehydration, and hyper-pigmentation.
Why you should use a serum:
Serums take your skincare routine to the next level and give your skin a boost towards your skincare goals. As mentioned before, serums should be selected based on your particular skin concerns. Active ingredients are found in all steps of the skincare routine, however, serums work the most effectively.
How to apply serum:
First of all, your skincare routine needs to stay within the recommended order for the most optimal results. This statement is the most vital regarding serums, which is literally back up by science.
Serums should be used individually and not in combination with other serums in order to avoid skin purging. Skin Purging occurs when the skin is overstimulated and the cell turnover process is sped up and results in small white or red bumps across the face and usually resembles a rash or break out depending on the severity of your skin’s reaction.
Second, always read the instructions for your selected product. Serums are usually produced with a pipette lid to help you control the dosage, given that serums are so strong. Drop the recommended amount onto your face and gently distribute across your face and gently press it into the skin.
FOR A DEMONSTRATION SEE THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 7: Sheet Masks
What is a Sheet Mask?
A sheet mask is literally a mask made of either fiber, cotton coconut pulp, or cellulose, infused with a potent concoction of active ingredients designed as a treatment for your face. They are often referred to as sheet masks or facial masks. They have holes in them to uncover your eyes, nose, and mouth so that you can see and breathe.
Sheet masks were originally invented by Japanese Geishas and later became a staple in Korean Skincare regimes. K-beauty actually made its debut in the western world when sheet masks emerged. It created a hype that many thought was just another Fad and would probably fade out soon. Low and Behold, the K-beauty industry grew exponentially in popularity and it seems like sheet face masks are here to stay.
Why use a sheet mask:
Most other products are applied to the skin and absorb almost immediately. A facemask keeps feeding your skin as long as it is on your face, comparable to a handful of supplements you take to nourish your body; this is a supplement for your face.
Some masks are reusable if the serum in there is thick enough, hence if you fold it back to the way it was when you first used it, then seal the package properly you could save your mask for another use or two.
How to apply a sheet mask:
Most sheet masks come in close packaging for hygiene purposes. Open the packaging and remove the protective film and apply it to your face for the recommended amount of time, indicated on the packaging: usually around 20minutes. Do not wash your face after, instead, massage the rest of the product into your skin.
FOR A DEMONSTRATION, SEE THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 8: Eye Care
What is Eyecare?
Eye care refers to taking care of the skin around your eyes by application of the best eye creams for your skin concerns. Taking care of the eyes must be done so with caution, given that the skin under the eye is much thinner than the rest of your face. Your eye treatment should be selected carefully and if you are going to splurge on any product, we recommend you do so on the best eye serum or eye cream for you. We know, it can be overwhelming trying to find the right eye cream when you are not so sure what to look for. Don’t worry we have got you covered!
Why you should use Eye Care:
Skin Concern can differ when it comes to the eyes. The main concerns include dark circles under your eyes, puffiness, and fine lines caused by aging. This area often gets neglected mainly because it is so sensitive, many assume that it's best to just leave it alone. WRONG! That is actually the worst thing you can do for your eye skin. Instead, it needs extra care taken care of, as it shows the first signs of aging as women mature.
How to apply Eye Care:
Eye Creams and Serums should be applied with your ring finger as it is the weakest finger on your hand and enables a delicate application reducing the chance of damage to the skin.
We recommend using eye cream for both morning and night, however, some eye creams are only suitable for nighttime use since the active ingredients inside them can cause sensitivity when exposed to the sun. Accordingly, we have provided solutions for night and day application
SEE THIS DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 9: Moisturizer
What is a moisturizer?
Now you are probably wondering “why on earth should I use a moisturizer” after putting all these other products on my skin which contain moisturizing active ingredients. A moisturizer merely serves the purpose of keeping hydration inside the skin. It locks in all the goodness of the previous steps a
Facial moisturizer or any moisturizer should not contain any alcohol, as this works against the entire purpose of a moisturizing cream by stripping your skin of its natural oils.
Moisturizers in different forms like the typical buttery cream formula, face lotions, face gels, some might have a non-fatty silicone texture and some might be closer to an oil texture.
Mythbuster: Oily skin does need moisturizer. Why? Because skin becomes oily due to a dysregulation in the production of sebum. Most of the time, skin becomes oily due to a lack of moisture as the skin thinks it needs to produce more oil in order to self hydrate. Other times, it can be blamed on hormonal imbalances or purely ‘a luck of the draw’ genetics.
Why you should use a moisturizer:
TransEpidermal Water Loss is the natural process of water leaving the body through the skin. Moisturizers fight to reduce that process. If you haven't noticed yet, a good face moisturizer is fattier than all the other products and forms a protective layer over the skin. In order to avoid aging and breakouts, use the best face cream for your skin type. Don't fret, we have selected some of the best skin moisturizers for all skin types.
How to apply moisturizer:
For most good face moisturizers you shouldn't need too much as the product is rich enough and a little should go a long way, but listen to your skin and use the amount that leaves your skin feeling comfortable after application. Scoop about a pea-sized amount with your middle finger and distribute it onto your fingertips, gently apply to the face spreading it out evenly. Then with your entire hands including your palms, lightly press the product into your skin to ensure the product absorbs optimally. Do not forget your décolletage area(neck and chest).
SEE THIS DEMONSTRATION IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
Step 10: Sunscreen
Best oil cleanser per skin type
Fenty Hydravizer Moisturizer Broad Spectrum SPF 30 Sunscreen is a hybrid product, a moisturizer and sunscreen in one, hence it could be used for step nine and ten. If you have selected a moisturizer in the previous step, you can use that as your night cream and this as your day cream.
Check out our full skincare kit for Normal Skin
What is Sunscreen SPF?
SPF is the famous acronym on every sunscreen container, short for the Sun Protection Factor. Sunscreen in some countries is called sunblock. Sunscreen brands have innovated different shapes and sizes of sunscreen, and by that, I mean different textures and formulas. However, they only come are limited to containing two types of sunscreens ingredients; either mineral or chemical sunscreens or both named broad spectrum.
These contain either Zinc Oxide or Titanium Oxide. Mineral sunscreen is also known as physical sunscreens as the minerals in them work to protect your skin from sun exposure by reflecting the sun away from your skin once. Mineral sunscreens usually leave a white cast over your skin which can leave it looking pale. This gives an undesirable effect on darker skin tones.
Chemical sunscreens contain oxybenzone, avobenzone, octinoxate, or homosalate. These sunscreens work with chemical force by absorbing UV light to prevent the skin from sun damage. Chemical sunscreens are preferred by people with darker skin tones as it does not give the white cast effect.
Some sunscreens contain both chemical and physical sun protection ingredients, those are called broad-spectrum protection factors. There are so many different types available, you just need to find the right one for you. Don't worry, we have got you.
Why you should use sunscreen:
One word: Anti-aging. Ok, that was a 2-in-1.
However, the point is that any anti-aging efforts you make are automatically reduced if you are not using sunscreen on a daily, even stronger, 2 hourly basis. This is merely due to the fact that the main causes of skin aging are dehydration and sun damage.
This step in the skincare routine is the embodiment of Korean Skincare. It is considered the most vital and in fact the most repeated step of skincare. Hence the 2-hour repetition window.
How to apply sunscreen:
The SPF should be chosen based on your skin’s sensitivity to the sun, the climate in which you will use it, and your skin tone. The American Academy of Dermatology Association recommends that the best sunscreens have an SPF of 30 or higher.
Sunscreen application will depend on the type of sunscreen chosen to suit your needs and your skin type. Obviously, we know by now, that sunscreen is applied during the day after all other products have been applied and before your makeup application. Now, all you need to do is find the best facial sunscreen for your skin type. We have already done that for you!
SEE THE DEMONSTRATION WE IN THE VIDEO BELOW:
2 Simple Ways to Find Your Skin Type:
HOW TO IDENTIFY NORMAL SKIN
Normal skin feels well balanced. It neither feels dry nor oily. It does not show any concerns of other skin types, such as dryness, breakouts or irritation. The texture is smooth and the pores are usually small. It feels elastic and has a healthy natural glow.
10 Step Korean Skincare Kit for Normal Skin
HOW TO IDENTIFY DRY SKIN
Dry skin usually feels tight and itchy. The overall complexion is dull and the skin is prone to flakiness, sensitivity and uneven skin tone. It is also the most susceptible to aging, given that dehydration is one of the main causes of aging skin.
10 Step Korean Skincare Kit for Dry Skin
HOW TO IDENTIFY OILY SKIN
Oily skin feels greasy, mainly on the T-Zone, which is made up of the forehead, nose and chin. Oily skin is characterised by overproduction of sebum which results in the skin appearing shiny with large pores and is prone to breakouts.
10 Step Korean Skincare Kit for Oily Skin
The Banila Co Clean it Purifying cleansing balm targets excess sebum on the skin while gently removing makeup, maintaining the balance of mattifying without stripping the skin of its lipid barrier.
HOW TO IDENTIFY COMBINATION SKIN
Combination skin shows signs of more than one skin type. Usually, the T-Zone is oily and the rest of the face is either normal, dry or sensitive. The skin surface is uneven due to its uneven conditions across the face.
Glow Recipe Papaya Enzyme Makeup Melting Cleanser targets problem areas inherent to combination skin. Oily patches harbour excess sebum, while dry patches contain excess dead skin cells. with which get in the way of the skin absorbing nourishing ingredients in your other products.
HOW TO IDENTIFY SENSITIVE SKIN
Sensitive skin often has a burning sensation after being exposed to certain conditions. Such as harsh skin products or sun damage. Sensitive skin can be identified by its redness and often shows small red veins through the skin surface. The skin surface is usually uneven, often flakey and/or inflamed.